Key Facts

17.46% women in Police


Police Data

Data on police strength and administrative units has been taken from the Data on Police Organization as on 1.1.2019 published by the Bureau of Police Research and Development, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.  

List of tables

Rank-wise Sanctioned and Actual Strength of Police, Number of Police Units, Police-Population Ratio (Police personnel per lakh of population), Rank-wise Number and Percentage of Women in Police, Number of Police Stations and Districts headed by Women.  

a. Rank-wise sanctioned and actual strength of police (armed + civil + district armed reserve)

No Rank Sanctioned Actual Vacancy
1 DGP/Spl DGP 6 5 1
2 Addl. DGP 28 27 1
3 IGP 42 32 10
4 DIG 35 26 9
5 AIGP/SSP/SP/Comn 141 138 3
6 Addl. SP/Dy. Comn 137 116 21
7 ASP/DySP 846 764 82
8 Inspector 2884 2827 57
9 Sub-Inspector 9936 8153 1783
10 Assistant Sub-Inspector 0 0 0
11 Head Constable 20849 35305 -14456
12 Constable 89815 62793 27022
13 Others 0 0 0
  Total 1,24,719 1,10,186 14,533

b. Total number of police units

Police Unit Total Number
Police Zones 4
Police Ranges 12
Police Districts 33
Police sub-Divisions 248
Police Circles 293
Police Stations 2019
Police Outposts 27

c. Police-population ratio (Police personnel per lakh of population)

  Sanctioned Actual
Civil Police 126.94 89.69
Total Police 177.58 156.89

d.Rank-wise number and percentage of women in police

No Rank Total Police (Actual) Women Police (Actual) Women Police as % of total police
1 DGP/Spl DGP 5 0 0.00%
2 Addl. DGP 27 2 7.41%
3 IGP 32 4 12.50%
4 DIG 26 12 46.15%
5 AIGP/SSP/SP/Comn 138 37 26.81%
6 Addl. SP/Dy. Comn 116 9 7.76%
7 ASP/DySP 764 16 2.09%
8 Inspector 2827 986 34.88%
9 Sub-Inspector 8153 1551 19.02%
10 Assistant Sub-Inspector 0 0 0.00%
11 Head Constable 35305 3227 9.14%
12 Constable 62793 13394 21.33%
13 Others 0 0 0.00%
  Total 1,10,186 19,238 17.46%

e.Total number of police stations and districts headed by women

Police Unit Total Number
Total Police Districts (BPRD) 31
Districts headed by Women (As on 31st July 2016)*  
Total Police Stations (BPRD) 1827
Police Stations headed by Women (As on 31st July 2016)*  
* Information received through Right to Information

All Women Police Stations

a. Total Number of All-Women Police Stations

Tamil Nadu has total 199 All-Women Police Stations.

b. Rank-wise sanctioned and actual strength of police personnel in each All-Women Police Station

No information received.

c. Mandate, functions and powers

Tamil Nadu has had a long history with All-Women Police Stations.  It is the first state to have experimented with the concept.  Thepolice department shared a circular memorandum (No. 85353/NG. VII(1)/99) issued bt the Director General of Police on 24/04/1999 with regards to the duties of All-Women Police Stations.  The circular provides information on the background, role, and duties of All-Women Police Stations on Tamil Nadu.  A separate Women Police Wing was first set up in 1973 in Chennai City Police with a strength of 1 Women Sub-Inspector, 1 Women Head Constable, and 20 women Police Constables.  Their duties included assisting in the investigation of trafficking and other cases involving assault on women and children, in escorting female prisoners, and in bandoblast duties involving large women gatherings.  The posts of Women Inspectors and Women Deputy Superintendents of Police were created only in 1986.  All-Women Police Stations first started in 1993 in 23 places, which extended to 26 more places by 1995.  The department issued a set of general duties to be performed by all women personnel along with detailed duties for each rank separately.   Other than All-Women Police Stations, Tamil Nadu has taken several other steps to deal with crimes against women which warrant the presence of women police personnel.  In 1994, the government ordered the creation of 26 temporary posts of Deputy Superintendent of Police (exclusively for women) for 26 Anti Dowry Cell.  The Superintendent of Police, the Deputy Inspectors General of Police and Commisioners of Police were directed to utilize services of the women DSPs, Dowry Cell, for monitoring the performance of All-Women Police Stations as well as other police stations in their jurisdiction on crimes against women, including progress of investigation and trial of cases.  The women DSPs are to report on the performance every month to the SP.  The women DSPs were also tasked with monitoring the functioning of the victim compensation scheme, the enforcement of the Juvenile Justice Act to train women personnel of subordinate ranks, to conduct enquiry and initiate necessary disciplinary action for any misconduct on the part of any subordinate police officers and women and to liaise with other state agencies such as legal aid cell and the social welfare department for helping victims.

d. Evaluation of All-Women Police Stations

No information received.


a. Overall percentage of reservation for women in police and the ranks to which the sanctioned reservation applies

No information received.

b. Policy for achieving the reservation percentage

No information received.


a. Existence of separate cadre for men and women

There is no separate cadre for women in the police department.

b. Induction of women in posts where direct recruitment takes place

Women are inducted only at the rank of Sub-Inspector and Constable.  Under the Special Rules for Tami Nadu Police Subordinate Service, 30% vacancies in direct recruitment for the post of Sub-Inspectorof Police and for Grade II Police Constables shall be reserved for women.

c. Special outreach steps or programmes taken by the department to recruit women

RTI reply does not address this question.  Instead, it refers to the GO which provides 30% reservation for women at SI and Police Constables, and reiterates that women strength is to be gradually increased.

Transfer and Posting

a. Special norms on postings and transfer exclusively for women in police at all ranks from Deputy Superintendent of Police to Constable

No information received.

b. Special norms for promotion for women in police at all ranks from Deputy Superintendent of Police to Constable

No information received.

Women & Child Helpdesk

a. Constitution of Women and Child Help Desks

Tamil Nadu has set up a Crime against Women/Children Help Desk in each police station consisting of one Women Sub-Inspector, and two Women Police Constables.  This is in addition to All-Women Police Station.  These were constituted via a circular memorandum (No. 187711/Cr.IV(1)/2010) issued by the department on 15/09/2010.

b. Mandate, functions and powers

No information received.

c. Rank and gender-wise strength of Women and Child Help Desks

No information received.


Tamil Nadu has the following training institutions:  

Name Training Officer In-Charge
Tamil Nadu Police Academy Training for Probationary IPS Officers, directly recruited Deputy Superintendent of Police, directly recruited Sub-Inspectors of Police and directly recruited Sub-Inspectors of Police (technical).  
Tamil Nadu Police College    
Police Recruit Schools (8 permanent PRS)   Training for Police constables Additional Superintendent of Police
In-Service Training Centres (12 centres, 1 in each Police Range) Refresher courses for police personnel across ranks Deputy Superintendent of Police

a. Training Policy for different ranks

The state does have a separate training policy.

b. Joint or separate training for men and women

At the Tamil Nadu Police Academy, training is common for men and women ar all levels including basic level, inducion level, refresher courses, and promotional courses. At the Police Training College, there is a separate training center for women for basic and induction level courses whereas refresher courses and other special courses including workshops and seminars is common for men and women.

c. Special facilities for women in training institutions

The Tamil Nadu Police Academy has separate toilets, barracks and mess for women but there is no crèche facility.  At the Police Training College (PTC), there is no notified order providing separate facilities including separate toilets, crèche, and barracks for women.  However, there is a separate training center for women at the PTC.  There is no crèche available at the PTC.  

d. Gender-wise break up of faculty at training institutions

Gender-wise break up of faculty at the Police Training College and Police Recruit Schools  

No Designation Sanctioned Actual Women strength against sanctioned in %
Men Women
Police Training College Director General of Police, Training 1 1 -  
Inspector General of Police, Training 1 1    
Deputy Inspector General of Police, Training 1 - -  
Principal/Superintendent of Police 1 1 -  
Office Superintendents 2 1 1  
Typist 1 - 1  
  Total 7 4 2 28.57
Police Recruit Schools Police Recruit School, Vellore 65 26 16 24.61  
We received detailed information regarding faculty strength and vacancy across the 8 Police Recruit Schools.  As per the table above, women represent on average 25% of the RPS strength.  Positions most commonly held by women are:  Sub-Inspector, Assistant Lae Instructor responsible for teaching law subjects for both basic and refresher courses; Sub-Inspector, Drill Instructor, responsible for supervising outdoor training and grade II Police Constables.  In 2 out of the 8 PRS (Madurai and Villupuram) women also held the top most position of Principal belonging to the rank of Additional Deputy Superintendent of Police

Gender sensitization courses:   There is a 2 day capsule course on "Laws relating to violence against women and dowry deaths."   It consists of the following: 1.  Law relating to violence against women. 2.  Crime against women special & local laws and minor acts - Various legal provisions - Latest amendments. 3.  Legal provisions of dowry death cases. 4.  Do's and Dont's while filing of final report in dowry death cases.   5.  Gender issues, equalities, and problems in investigation of crime against women. 6.  Recent legislation & issues in handling women victims in criminological perspective. 7.  Violence & victimization against women. 8.  Medico Legal Aspects in dowry deaths and rape cases.

Maternity & Child Care Leave

a. Maternity Leave

Tamil Nadu provides 180 days of maternity leave.

b. Child Care Leave

No such provision is available.

Budget for Women Police

a. Total Police Budget

No information was provided.

b Allocation for women from the state police budget

No information was provided.

c. Allocation for women from the Modernization of Police Force Scheme

No information was provided.

New Developments

No information available.