Key Facts

4.94% women in Police

0.00% of personnel vacancy in all women police stations

0.00% of reservation for women introduced in 2016




7 All Women Police Stations

Police Data

Data on police strength and administrative units has been taken from the Data on Police Organization as on 1.1.2019 published by the Bureau of Police Research and Development, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.  

List of tables

Rank-wise Sanctioned and Actual Strength of Police, Number of Police Units, Police-Population Ratio (Police personnel per lakh of population), Rank-wise Number and Percentage of Women in Police, Number of Police Stations and Districts headed by Women.  

a. Rank-wise sanctioned and actual strength of total police (armed + civil + district armed reserve)

No Rank Sanctioned Actual Vacancy
1 DGP/Spl DGP 1 1 0
2 Addl. DGP 2 2 0
3 IGP 9 9 0
4 DIG 13 13 0
5 AIGP/SSP/SP/Comn 49 48 1
6 Addl. SP/Dy. Comn 80 79 1
7 ASP/DySP 211 181 30
8 Inspector 373 348 25
9 Sub-Inspector 739 690 49
10 Assistant Sub-Inspector 424 393 31
11 Head Constable 1824 1520 304
12 Constable 11764 11254 510
13. Others 510 476 43
  Total 15,999 15,014 985

b. Total number of police units

Police Unit Total Number
Police Zones 0
Police Ranges 2
Police Districts 11
Police sub-Divisions 0
Police Circles 17
Police Stations 73
Police Outposts 41

c. Police-population ratio (Police personnel per lakh of population)

  Sanctioned Actual
Civil Police 197.82 206.60
Total Police 561.57 526.99

d. Rank-wise number and percentage of women in police

No Rank Total Police (Actual) Women Police (Actual) Women Police as % of total police
1 DGP/Spl DGP 1 0 0.00%
2 Addl. DGP 2 0 0.00%
3 IGP 9 0 0.00%
4 DIG 13 0 0.00%
5 AIGP/SSP/SP/Comn 48 4 8.33%
6 Addl. SP/Dy. Comn 79 1 1.27%
7 ASP/DySP 181 10 5.52%
8 Inspector 348 11 3.16%
9 Sub-Inspector 690 75 10.87%
10 Assistant Sub-Inspector 393 7 1.78%
11 Head Constable 1520 30 1.97%
12 Constable 11254 603 5.36%
13 Others 476 0 0.00%
  Total 15,014 741 4.94%

e. Total number of districts and police stations headed by women

Police Units Strength
Total Police Districts 11
Districts headed by women as on 31.07.2016 (RTI) 2
Total Police Stations 39
Police Stations headed by Women as on 31.07.2016 (RTI) 3

All Women Police Stations

a. Total Number of All-Women Police Stations

There are 7 All Women Police stations in Meghalaya located at Baghmara, Jowai, Nongstoin, Shillong, Tura, Umiam and Williamnagar.  These were established in 2009 by converting the Women Police Cells in each District Headquarters. (Notification no. HPL 176/2008/27)  

b. Rank-wise sanctioned and actual strength in All-Women Police Stations

No information received.

c. Mandate, functions and powers

Investigation of crime against women which include: Rape, molestation, kidnapping/abduction, eve teasing, murder for dowry by burning, murder for dowry by other means, attempt to commit murder for dowry by burning, attempt to commit murder for dowry by other means, cruelty by husband/relatives, abetment to suicide, importing of girls below 18 years, importing of girls between 18-21 years, Immoral Traffic Prevention Act, Indecent representation of women as per provisions of Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act, 1986, cases of missing children.

Cases shall be initially registered with the local Police Station having jurisdiction in the place of occurrence and the concerned Police Station shall take all the necessary preliminary steps after which such cases shall subsequently be transferred to the concerned Women Police Station for investigation and prosecution if they fall under any of the categories mentioned above.

d. Evaluation of All-Women Police Stations

No attempt has been made by the police department to evaluate the performance of all women police station till date.  However, as per the notification no. HPL 176/2008/27, the Crime against Women (CAW) Cell in the CID is supposed to monitor the work of Women Police Stations and the Superintendents of Police and send regular monthly reports, as specified by the CAW Cell in the CID or more frequently whenever such need arises.


a. Overall percentage of reservation for women in police and the ranks to which the sanctioned reservation applies

There is no reservation for women against total vacancies in Meghalaya Police Department for direct recruitment at the ranks of Sub-Inspector and Constable.

b. Policy for achieving the reservation percentage

No information available.


a. Existence of separate cadre for men and women

The police department in Meghalaya does not have a separate cadre for men and women, there’s only one common cadre.    

b. Induction of women in posts where direct recruitment takes place.

Direct recruitments take place for the posts of and women are inducted in both of them.

c. Special outreach steps or programmes taken by the department to recruit women

No measure to increase the strength of women in the police force through direct recruitment have been taken.

Transfer and Posting

a. Special norms on postings and transfer exclusively for women in police at all ranks from Deputy Superintendent of Police to Constable

Meghalaya Police does not have any specific norms for posting and transfer of women police personnel.  The state follows a common policy for transfers and postings as laid down in a department memo issued on 22nd March 2011 (No. MG/VI-68/7-A).  Further, the Police Establishment Board, constituted under Section 47 of the Meghalaya Police Act, 2010, is responsible for looking at transfers and postings within the department.  

b. Special norms for promotion for women in police at all ranks from Deputy Superintendent of Police to Constable

The department does not have any separate special norm for the promotion of women.  

Women & Child Helpdesk

a. Constitution of Women and Child Help Desks

No women and child help desks have been set up in the districts.  However a Special Cell for Women has been set up at Sadar Police Stations in East Khasi Hills funded by National Commission for Women to assist the victims.

b. Mandate, functions and Powers of Women and Child Help Desks

No information regarding mandate and powers has been provided.

c. Rank and gender-wise strength of Women and Child Help Desks

No information regarding the designated ranks required to perform duties in the cell has been provided.


a. Training Policy for different ranks

Meghalaya did not provide the training policy applicable to the state.  There is no specific provision for women as per the RTI responses but there are indications of provisions which have bearing on women too. 

b. Joint or separate training for men and women

No information received.

c. Special facilities for women in training institutions

We received RTI replies from Police Training School, Shillong (“PTS Shillong”); Office of the Commandant: 1st Battalion Meghalaya Police, Mawiong, Shillong (“1st Battalion Police”) and Office of the Commandant: 2nd Battalion Meghalaya Police, Goeragre, West Garo Hills (“2nd Battalion Police”). 

The PTS Shillong which is a separate Unit training school of Meghalaya Police headed by Principal Police Training, Shillong and imparts basic Training course to un-armed branch constable as well as in-service courses, has a separate internal arrangement of both male and female recruits.  However, no notification/circular etc. are available.

The 1st Battalion Police replied that Women Police are being provided separate toilets and barracks whenever they attend training courses in 1st Battalion Meghalaya Police, Armed Police Training Centre Mawiong.  However, no notification/circular etc. are available.

The 2nd Battalion Police replied stating that a copy of the Notification regarding provision of Basic lnfrastructure Amenities for Women Police force (Vide Ref. No.PE.7/GEN|26/L5 Dt. Shillong, the 25th June, 2014, is enclosed herewith which is also available in Meghalaya Police website.)  (Note: The notification was not attached to the RTI reply and is not available on the official website of Meghalaya police either.)

d. Gender-wise break up of faculty at training institutions

The total permanent faculty strength for PTS, Shillong in Indoor is 9 and outdoor is 19.  A gender wise break-up of the faculty is not provided.

The 1st Battalion Police has 30 male and 2 female faculty for imparting outdoor training. However, for indoor training, faculties from PTS, Shillong are being detailed.  The sanctioned strength of 2nd Battalion Police is 61 and the actual strength is 25.  They do not have separate sanction for outdoor and indoor training staff and no fix gender wise break up.  Depending on the number of female trainees in a particular course, a proportionate number of female trainers are also pressed into service.  The female trainees are drawn from the strength of the battalion itself and it keeps varying from time to time.  As of September 2016, there are no female trainees and the entire training staff is male.

The training of police personnel in Police Training School, Shillong and 2nd Battalion Police includes gender sensitization module.

Maternity & Child Care Leave

a. Maternity Leave

Meghalaya provides 120 days of maternity leave to all personnel of state cadre from the rank of deputy superintendent of police to constable.

b. Child Care Leave

Meghalaya does not provide child care leave to its women police.

Budget for Women Police

a. Total Police Budget

Financial Year Amount (in lakhs Rs) %increase from previous year
2013-2014 812  
2014-2015 655 -19.33%
2015-2016 - -
2016-2017 Figures yet to be received Figures yet to be received

b. Allocation for women from the State Police Budget


c. Allocation for Women under the Modernization Of Police Force Scheme

This section provides information specifically on allocation for women police personnel under the Modernization of Police Force Scheme, a central scheme administered by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, and aimed at assisting states in strengthening police infrastructure.  Under MPF, allocations are made under Non-Plan head, which covers mobility, weapons, equipment, training equipment, and forensic equipment, and under Plan head, which covers construction of police stations/outposts/lines, police housing, forensic science laboratories and training infrastructure.  To receive funds under the scheme, states have to submit a State Action Plan including proposals under Non-Plan and Plan heads, and a Supplementary Action Plan constituting 20% of both Non-Plan and Plan heads of the main plan.  The supplementary plans are to be operationalized for additional fund allocation at the Revised Estimate (RE) stage and are subject to furnishing of utilization certificates and availability of funds.

Under the Scheme, the States are grouped into two categories, namely Category ‘A’ and Category ‘B’ for the purpose of funding both under ‘Non-Plan’ and Plan. Category ‘A’ States, namely, J&K and 8 North Eastern States including Sikkim will be eligible to receive financial assistance on 90:10 Centre: State sharing basis.  The remaining States will be in Category ‘B’ and will be eligible for financial assistance on 60:40 Centre:  State sharing basis.

In 2014, the MHA issued an advisory requesting the states to include proposals specifically on improving facilities for women police while submitting their annual state action plan under the MPF scheme.  The proposals were to prioritize amenities such as separate toilet facilities, rest rooms, and lockable shelf storage in all new police stations, outposts and barracks proposed under the MPF scheme.

The following table provides details of Meghalaya Annual Action Plans for the past three financial years:

Financial Year Plan (Rs. in lakh) Total  Allocation for Women Police Allocation in %
    Plan Non-Plan      
2014-2015 State Action Plan 63600.00% 386.42 102242.00% - -
  Supplementary Plan - - 21000.00% - -
2015-2016 State Action Plan 38665.25 - 3866525.00% - -
  Supplementary Plan - 13500 1350000.00% - -
2016-2017* State Action Plan - - - - -
  Supplementary Plan - - - - -

* The RTI reply states the State Action Plan is yet to receive approval however they have provided a copy of the proposed State Action plan.

d. State Action Plans – Meghalaya (2014-2015, 2015-2016 and 2016-2017)

In the past three years, Meghalaya did not have any specific allocation for women.  There were no funds allocated in the budget exclusively for building facilities for women police.

New Developments

No information available.