Key Facts

8.79% women in Police

0.00% of personnel vacancy in all women police stations

0.00% of reservation for women introduced in 2016




10 All Women Police Stations

Police Data

Data on police strength and administrative units has been taken from the Data on Police Organization as on 1.1.2019 published by the Bureau of Police Research and Development, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India.  

List of tables

Rank-wise Sanctioned and Actual Strength of Police, Number of Police Units, Police-Population Ratio (Police personnel per lakh of population), Rank-wise Number and Percentage of Women in Police, Number of Police Stations and Districts headed by Women.  

a. Rank-wise sanctioned and actual strength of total police (armed + civil + district armed reserve)









3 5


Addl. DGP

8 4 4



13 6 7



10 5 5



56 50 6


Addl. SP/Dy. Comn

52 44 8




328 43



646 598 48



2827 1605 1222


Assistant Sub-Inspector

2308 957 1351


Head Constable

9548 10133 -585




35127 4545
13 Others 0 0 0



55,519 48,860 6,659

b. Total number of police units

Police Unit

Total Number

Police Zones


Police Ranges


Police Districts


Police sub-Divisions


Police Circles


Police Stations


Police Outposts


c. Police-population ratio (Police personnel per lakh of population)




Civil Police



Total Police



d. Rank-wise number and percentage of women in police

S. No. Rank  Total Police (Actual) Women Police (Actual) Women Police as % of total police
1 DGP/Spl DGP 3 1 33.33%
2 Addl. DGP 4 1 25.00%
3 IGP 6 0 0.00%
4 DIG 5 0 0.00%
5 AIGP/SSP/SP/Comn 50 4 8.00%
6 Addl. SP/Dy. Comn 44 4 9.09%
7 ASP/DySP 328 1 0.30%
8 Inspector 598 23 3.85%
9 Sub-Inspector 1605 91 5.67%
10 Assistant Sub-Inspector 957 0 0.00%
11 Head Constable 10133 128 1.26%
12 Constable 35127 4040 11.50%
13 Others 0 0 0.00%
  Total 48,860 4,293 8.79%

e. Total number of police stations and districts headed by women

Police Units Strength
Total Police Districts (BPRD) 19
Districts headed by women as on 31.07.2016 (specialized police stations) (RTI) 5*
Total Police Stations (BPRD) 541
Police Stations headed by Women as on 31.07.2016 (RTI) no police station headed by a woman so far

*These are District Police Chief, Kozhikode City, District Police Chief, Kollam Rural, District Police Chief, Thrissur Rural, Inspector of Police, Infopark, Kochi City and Inspector of Police, Alathur, Palakkad

All Women Police Stations

a. Total number of All-Women Police Station

There are 4 All-Women Police Stations in Kerala.

b. Rank-wise sanctioned and actual strength of police personnel in each All-Women Police Station

WPS have been established in Thiruvananthapuram city, Kozhikkode city, Kochi city and Thrissur city. In 2014, the state government issued an order (GO No.101/2014 dated 17.04.2014) through which sanction was accorded for the establishment of Women Police Stations in the following districts: Kollam, Kottayam, Alappuzha, Thrissur rural, Malappuram and Kannur.

The police headquarters responded saying that the strength of Women Police Stations is sorted through redeployment from other police stations and units in each district, and hence, the existing strength of women police personnel in each police station is not available with the headquarters. 

c. Mandate, functions and powers

There are no such separation of duties of men and women in the Kerala Police Department.  However the Director General of Police has issued an Executive Directive in 2009 (No 9/2009 dated 10 July 2009) exempting women from station guard duties during night hours unless and until unavoidable.

d. Evaluation of All-Women Police Stations

No information has been provided by the police department regarding the evaluation of the performance of All-Women Police Station.


a. Overall percentage of reservation for women in police and the ranks to which the sanctioned reservation applies

There is no sanctioned percentage of reservation for women in the Kerala Police force. As per the response to the RTI application, regardless of the fact that there is no sanctioned reservation, the government has taken a policy decision to increase the strength of women in the department to 10%.

b. Policy for achieving the reservation percentage

No departmental instructions or standing orders have been issued in order to achieve this 10% goal.


a. Existence of separate cadre for men and women.

The response to the RTI states that “At present the Police Constables and Sub-Inspectors are directly recruited in the entry cadre in Kerala Police.”  The query wasn’t explicitly answered.

b. Induction of women in posts where direct recruitment takes place.

Direct recruitment in Kerala takes place at the Constable and Sub-Inspector ranks.  Women are inducted only in the cadre of police Constables.

c. Special outreach steps or programs taken by the department to recruit women

No measures have been taken.

Transfer and Posting

a. Special norms on postings and transfer exclusively for women in police at all ranks from Deputy Superintendent of Police to Constable

The Kerala Police Department has issued special norms regarding the transfer of women police personnel through a Government Order No: 83/11/ Home dated 1st March 2011 and an Executive Directive No. 07/2010.  The norms for Women Police Constables are as follows:

All Women Police Constables who have completed 5 years of service and who got married subsequent to their recruitment will be allowed to change their district of option but their seniority in the transferred district will be with effect from date of marriage.  Women Police Constables whose spouses work in the police department will be allowed the option to change district without loss of seniority.  This option can be exercised by either partner to their native district or district of choice.  Women Police Constables who are married at the time of recruitment will be given one chance for opting a new district after completing five years of service.  They will be treated as the junior most on joining duty in the new district.  Women Police Constables who do not opt for transfer to District Armed Reserve and local police and have completed five years of service in the Battalion will be allowed option to change Battalion.  They will be taken for duty as junior most Havildars in the new Battalion subject to the condition that the number shall be limited to 10% of total Havildar posts in the Battalion concerned.

The norms for transfer and posting of women circle inspector and sub inspector are as follows:

Women Circle Inspector/ Women Sub Inspector shall serve in a district of her choice for 3 years and cannot be transferred except on public disciplinary grounds or on request.  After completing 3 years in a district, Women Circle Inspector/ Women Sub Inspector can be transferred if there is another women personnel interested in working in that district, provided that when claims are equal, the senior shall get preference, which shall be subject to review after one year.  Every Women Police Head Constable shall submit four options for district of posting in the event of her promotion to the post of Women Circle Inspector/ Women Sub Inspector in the prescribed proforma.  The Women Circle Inspector/ Women Sub Inspector promoted to their present post on or before 1/10/2010 shall be given a chance to exercise option.  Transfer may be done on special circumstances/compassionate grounds only at the discretion of the Director General of Police on very specific grounds.  In the absence of option to any post, Director General of Police may post any officer to that post considering administrative convenience.

b. Special norms for promotion for women in police at all ranks from Deputy Superintendent of Police to Constable

There are no separate special rules regarding promotion of women police personnel.

Women & Child Helpdesk

a. Constitution of Women and Child Help Desks

No information regarding Women and Child Help Desk has been provided.

b. Mandate, functions and Powers of Women and Child Help Desks

No information available.

c. Rank and gender-wise strength of Women and Child Help Desks

No information available.


a. Training Policy for different ranks

On training, CHRI received information from Kerala Police Academy, Thrissur, and various units of the Armed Police Battalions.  No information was received from Police Training college Thiruvananthapuram, although the police headquarters transferred the RTI request to all training institutions mentioned above.

Kerala Police Academy does not have a separate policy on training.

b. Joint or separate training for men and women

The induction training at the Academy is imparted separately even though the syllabus is common.  For all other training courses (refresher and promotional), the training is common for men and women.

The units of the Armed Police Battalions include: KAP 1 Battalion, Thrissur; KAP II Battalion, Palakkad; KAP 3 Battalion, Adoor; KAP 4 Battalion, Kannur; KAP 5 Battalion, Maniyar; Special Armed Police, Thiruvananthapuram, India Reserve Battalion, Thrissur and Rapid Rescue and Response Force, Malapurram.  The units responded saying that women are not recruited in the armed battalions and thus training is being imparted only to men.  The Armed Police Battalion does not have any training policy but has issued guidelines for police constable training in 2009.  These are directed at the trainers and lay down detailed code of conduct in terms of morale, physical training, health communication and grooming of recruits.

c. Special facilities for women in training institutions

No information available.

d. Gender-wise break-up of faculty at training institutions

The Police Training Academy has a gender break up of 166 male officers and 29 female officers.  Outdoor subjects during induction and refresher training are taught by faculty members whereas indoor subjects are taught by both faculty members and guest faculties.  Detailed breakdown is as follows:

Designation Sanctioned
Criminologist 1
Inspector/RI/APUI 6
Sub-Inspectors-GE/AP/AR/Tele 43
 Total 166
Inspector 2
Sub-Inspector 6
Head Constable 20
Total 29

Maternity & Child Care Leave

a. Maternity Leave

6 months maternity leave for women police officers from Deputy Superintendent to Police Constable

b. Child Care Leave

No child care leave is given to women police personnel in the Kerala Police Force

Budget for Women Police

a. Total Police Budget

Kerala police provided information only on amount allocated for women at police stations (see below). It has not given information on total police budget as requested. 

b. Allocation for women from the state police budget

In 2013, the Government of Kerala approved 23% of the State Plan Scheme for implementation of a Flagship Programme on Gender Awareness, amounting to total Rs 500 lakh for 2013-2014.  The Flagship Programme has several components, two of which relate specifically to women in police. These are:

Women Friendly Police Station Project 100 new Janmaithri police stations were identified for this project (list provided in the RTI) with a total budget of 50 lakh (@ Rs 50000 per police station).  Out of this budget, Rs 15000/- was to be used by the District Police Chiefs (DPC) for the creation of Jagratha Samitis in all government high schools/colleges in the jurisdiction of the police station.  The amount was for activities such as conducting meetings, publication of relevant pamphlets, awareness classes, seminars and other activities for the benefit of young girls.  Further, Rs 5000/- was earmarked for each police station for conducting monthly counselling activities, 2 seminars, opening dossiers on crime against women in 148 Janmaithri Police Stations of the first three phases (list of PS provided).

Improvement of Women Helpdesks in 50 Police Stations Rs 150 lakh allotted for improving women helpdesks in 50 police stations.  Breakdown of this cost is as follows:


Cost (Rs in Lakh)

Amount transferred to Kerala Police Housing Construction company


Amount allocated to DPCs towards infrastructure costs of women help desks


Central purchase of furniture for women helpdesks




The DPC given the autonomy to select police stations for the purpose of this project and is in charge of ensuring utilization of the funds.


Under the State Plan Scheme 2014-15, budget allocated for the Flagship Programme on Gender Awareness was increased marginally to 550 lakh, constituting 7.91 % of the state plan scheme.  This was towards the following activities:

Construction of Toilets for Women Visitors in Police Stations Rs 190 Lakh allocated for the purpose of constructing toilets for women visitors in 65 select police stations.  DPC to select the police station and send the list to the PHQ.


Upgradation of the Women Cell and Vanitha Cells in the district headquarters – 100 lakh


Under the State Plan Scheme 2015-16, budget allocated for the Flagship Programme on Gender Awareness remained the same at 550 lakh.  Of this 67 lakh earmarked for providing basic amenities for women visitors in women helplines/vanitha cells and police stations to all 19 police districts.


The table below provides a summary of allocation for women in police for 2013-14, 2014-15 and 2016-17:

  A B C D E F
Financial Year State Plan Scheme (Rs in Lakh) Central Scheme (Rs in Lakh) Amount for Flagship Programme on Gender Sensitization (Rs in Lakh) C as percentage of A Amount allocated towards facilities for Women in Police from the Flagship Progamme E as percentage of A
2013-2014 2150 7495 500 23.25% 50 lakh for making 100 police stations women friendly 9.30%
150 lakhs improving women help desks in 50 police stations
2014-2015 6949 6649 550 7.91% 190 lakh for construction of toilets for women visitors in police stations distributed among 19 police districts 2.73%
2015-2016 3200 2.01 550 17.18% 67 lakh earmarked for providing basic amenities for women visitors in Women Help Lines/Vanitha Cells/Police Stations distributed among 19 police districts 2.09%


c. Allocation for women under the Modernization of Police Force Scheme:

This section provides information specifically on allocation for women police personnel under the Modernization of Police Force Scheme, a central scheme administered by the Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, and aimed at assisting states in strengthening police infrastructure.  Under MPF, allocations are made under Non-Plan head, which covers mobility, weapons, equipment, training equipment, and forensic equipment, and under Plan head, which covers construction of police stations/outposts/lines, police housing, forensic science laboratories and training infrastructure.  To receive funds under the scheme, states have to submit a State Action Plan including proposals under Non-Plan and Plan heads, and a Supplementary Action Plan constituting 20% of both Non-Plan and Plan heads of the main plan.  The supplementary plans are to be operationalized for additional fund allocation at the Revised Estimate (RE) stage and are subject to furnishing of utilization certificates and availability of funds.

Under the Scheme, the States are grouped into two categories, namely Category ‘A’ and Category ‘B’ for the purpose of funding both under ‘Non-Plan’ and Plan. Category ‘A’ States, namely, J&K and 8 North Eastern States including Sikkim will be eligible to receive financial assistance on 90:10 Centre: State sharing basis.  The remaining States will be in Category ‘B’ and will be eligible for financial assistance on 60:40 Centre:  State sharing basis.

In 2014, the MHA issued an advisory requesting the states to include proposals specifically on improving facilities for women police while submitting their annual state action plan under the MPF scheme.  The proposals were to prioritize amenities such as separate toilet facilities, rest rooms, and lockable shelf storage in all new police stations, outposts and barracks proposed under the MPF scheme.

Financial Year Plan (Rs in Lakhs) Total  Allocation for Women Police (Rs in Lakhs) Allocation in %
    Plan Non-Plan      
2013-14 State Action Plan  4997 2806 780300.00% 150 1.92%
  Supplementary Plan  1009 559 156800.00%    
2014-15 State Action Plan  4,161 2506      
  Supplementary Plan           
2015-16 State Action Plan   2490.18      
  Supplementary Plan   500      

Kerala allocated 150 lakhs under the MPF scheme in 2013-2014 for the construction of 50 women rest rooms in police stations.  The police stations were selected across the following districts:  Thrissur city, Thrissur rural, Ernakulam rural, Kasargod, Kochi city, Kottayam, Malappuram, Idukki and Palakkad. For more details, please see here.   

The Action Plans for Kerala can be accessed here.

New Developments

No information available.